July 21, 2019 • Read: 1669 • 学习





1. 名词、词组、介词短语的平行并列

(1) {{The English, the Germans, the Dutch and the French : 主}} {{were investing : 谓}} {{in Britain’s former colony : 定}}.
(2) {{The networked computer : ==主==}} {{is : ==系==}} {{an amazing device : ==表==}}, {{the first media machine : 定(同位语)}} {{that : 定从,主}} {{serves : 谓}} {{as the mode of production : 并宾}}, {{means of distribution : 并宾}}, {{site of reception : 并宾}}, {{and : 连}} {{place of praise and critique : 并宾}}.
(3) So {{disciplines : ==主==}} {{acquire : ==谓==}} {{a monopoly : ==宾==}} {{not just : 连}} over the production of knowledge, {{but also : 连}} over the production of producers of knowledge.
(4) {{Information : ==主==}} {{flows : ==谓==}} from the media to the influentials {{and : ==连==}} from them to everyone else.

2. 动词(谓语/非谓语)的平行并列

(1) {{The man : ==主==}} {{walked up : 谓}} to the garden gate, {{hesitated : 谓}} {{and : ==连==}} then {{rang : 谓}} the bell.
(2) {{The process : ==主==}} {{sweeps : 谓}} from hyperactive America to Europe {{and : ==连==}} {{reaches : 谓}} the emerging countries {{with unsurpassed might : 状}}.
(3) {{The boy : 主}} {{were running, shouting and laughing : 谓}}.

3. 句子的并列平行

(1) {{We : ==主==}} {{need : ==谓==}} them to feel {{that : ==宾从==}} {{home : 主}} {{can be : 谓}} {{both here and there : 宾}} {{and : ==连==}} {{that : ==宾从==}} {{they : 主}} {{can belong : 谓}} {{to two nations honorably : 宾}}.
(2) {{The behavioral sciences : ==主==}} {{have been : ==谓==}} {{slow to change: ==宾==}} partly {{because : ==原因状从==}} {{the explanatory items often : 主}} {{seem to be : 谓}} {{directly observed : 宾}} {{and : ==连==}} partly {{because : ==原因状从==}} {{other kinds of explanations : 主}} {{have been : 谓}} {{hard to find : 宾}}.
(3) Along {{with the mangy folks : 状}} {{looking to make a permanent home in the US : 状}} {{came : ==谓==}} {{those : ==主==}} {{who : ==定从==,主}} {{had : 谓}} {{no intention to stay : 宾}}, {{and : 连}} {{who : ==定从==,主}} {{would make : 谓}} {{some money : 宾}} {{and : ==连==}} {{then : 主}} {{go home : 谓}}.
(4) For the time, attention, {{and : 连}} money of the art-loving public, {{classical instrumentalists : ==主==}} {{must compete : ==谓==}} {{not only : ==连==}} with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, {{and : 连}} museums, {{but also : ==连==}} with the recorded performances {{of the great classic musicians : 定}} {{of the 20th century : 定}}.



1. 同位语、插入语

(1)Bob Lidice==, the executive of the Association of the Association of National Advertisers,== savs consumers will be worse off if the industry can not collect information about their preferences.
(2) The American Law Institute ==-- a group of judges, lawyers, and academics whose recommendations carry substantial weight --== issued new guidelines for tort law.
3) The two-step flow theory ==-- the information flows from the media to the influentials and from them to everyone else --== is very important in Communication Studies, an academic discipline that deals with processes of human communication.


  • 主语 + "," + 插入语 + "," + 谓语
  • 主语 + "--" + 插入语 + "--" + 谓语


indeed, however, obviously, certainly ...
needless to say, most important of all ...
by the way, in a few words, in short, in fact ...
generally speaking / honestly speaking ...
to sum up, to be honest, to be short ...
that is(to say) / 也就是说,
it seems / 看来是,
as i see it / 照我看来,
as we know it / 据我们所知,
what's more / , what's worse,
I'm afraid / 恐怕,
as we all know / 众所周知 ...

2. 相邻紧密成分被短语、从句等小三分开


  1. 同位语、插入语 先跳过不看
  2. 不同部分间的分裂,还原本来的位置


(1)He points out that he always experienced much difficulty in expressing himself clearly and concisely, but he believes that this very difficulty may have
only had the compensating advantage of forcing him to think long and intently about every sentence, and thus enabling him to detect errors in reasoning
and in his own observations.
(2)I like the girl who is standing over there with a book which was published in 1898.


  1. 找到从句
  2. 理清从句与从句的关系
Last Modified: July 23, 2019
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