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Perl 特性之不安全的依赖

July 27, 2022 • Read: 207 • 编程开发

本文首发于: https://blog.frytea.com

最近写 Perl 程序时遇到一个很奇怪的问题:

Insecure dependency in unlink while running with -T switch at ../tmpfile.pl line 44.

经过检查,发现这是 Perl 语言一个特性,在运行时使用 -w 或 -T 都意味着 "万无一失" 标志。

-T 标志意味着任何来自外部世界的值(例如从文件读取)都被认为是潜在的威胁,并且不允许在与系统相关的操作中使用这些值,比如写文件、执行系统命令等等。

-w 作用与 use warning 相同,会抛出一些有用的警告信息,如 using uninitialized variable

为了更清晰的表述该问题,我抽象出一个简单的示例程序:

#!/usr/bin/perl -wT

use strict;
use warnings;

use Digest::MD5;

my $DIR_PATH="/var/tmp";
my $PREFIX = "somedemotmpfile";

sub make_file {
    my ($filename) = @_;

    open my $fh, '>', $filename;
    print {$fh} "1" . "\n";
    print {$fh} "2" . "\n";
    print {$fh} "3" . "\n";
    close $fh;
}

sub make_tmpfile {
    foreach (1..5){
    my $tmpfilename = "$DIR_PATH/$PREFIX-" . Digest::MD5::md5_hex($_ . time() . $$);
    make_file($tmpfilename);
    }
}


sub clean_tmpfile {
    opendir (my $dh, $DIR_PATH) || die "Can not open $DIR_PATH/n";
    my @dots=grep { !/^\.+$/ } readdir($dh);
    closedir($dh);

    foreach my $file (@dots)
    {
    my $afile = "$DIR_PATH/$file";
    my $now = time();
    if (-e $afile && $afile =~ m/(^.*$PREFIX.*$)/) {
        #$afile = $1;
        my $mtime = (stat ($afile))[9];
        my $margin = $now - $mtime;
        print("$afile - Last change: $mtime - now: $now - margin(s): $margin\n");
        eval {
            unlink $afile;
        };
        warn $@ if $@;
    }
    }
}

sub main {
    make_tmpfile();
    clean_tmpfile();
}

main();

执行该程序,得到如下输出:

# perl -T ../tmpfile.pl
/var/tmp/somedemotmpfile-e48d74ec998a1462661eb11b7576d7e5 - Last change: 1658904122 - now: 1658904122 - margin(s): 0
Insecure dependency in unlink while running with -T switch at ../tmpfile.pl line 44.
/var/tmp/somedemotmpfile-a071ba8e02d34ef2878d7a698a22b93c - Last change: 1658904122 - now: 1658904122 - margin(s): 0
Insecure dependency in unlink while running with -T switch at ../tmpfile.pl line 44.
/var/tmp/somedemotmpfile-1a63c4b7965dc50c519e7aa68c8b081a - Last change: 1658904122 - now: 1658904122 - margin(s): 0
Insecure dependency in unlink while running with -T switch at ../tmpfile.pl line 44.

可以看到,当我从文件系统读取一些文件,并尝试直接删除这些问题时,这步操作被阻止,并报出警告 Insecure dependency in unlink while running with -T switch

为了消除“污染”,最简单的方法是使用严格正则匹配后的结果再做操作,代码修改如下:

diff --git a/study_perl/tmpfile.pl b/study_perl/tmpfile.pl
index 6520a25..51ef684 100644
--- a/study_perl/tmpfile.pl
+++ b/study_perl/tmpfile.pl
@@ -36,7 +36,7 @@ sub clean_tmpfile {
     my $afile = "$DIR_PATH/$file";
     my $now = time();
     if (-e $afile && $afile =~ m/(^.*$PREFIX.*$)/) {
-        #$afile = $1;
+        $afile = $1;
         my $mtime = (stat ($afile))[9];
         my $margin = $now - $mtime;
         print("$afile - Last change: $mtime - now: $now - margin(s): $margin\n");

再次尝试运行,得到正确的结果:

# perl -T ../tmpfile.pl
/var/tmp/somedemotmpfile-f036c279daa16297818f6ec2dad9f338 - Last change: 1658904375 - now: 1658904375 - margin(s): 0
/var/tmp/somedemotmpfile-f532d49f86ae1c486ec593c71a073e73 - Last change: 1658904375 - now: 1658904375 - margin(s): 0
/var/tmp/somedemotmpfile-e48d74ec998a1462661eb11b7576d7e5 - Last change: 1658904122 - now: 1658904375 - margin(s): 253
/var/tmp/somedemotmpfile-a071ba8e02d34ef2878d7a698a22b93c - Last change: 1658904122 - now: 1658904375 - margin(s): 253
/var/tmp/somedemotmpfile-a140c4f6095a0431194a91ead41ce605 - Last change: 1658904375 - now: 1658904375 - margin(s): 0
/var/tmp/somedemotmpfile-1a63c4b7965dc50c519e7aa68c8b081a - Last change: 1658904122 - now: 1658904375 - margin(s): 253

执行成功,且删除了之前的残留文件。

经过这次问题解决,发现 Perl 在安全方面的特性值得学习,在编译或解释层面阻挡常见安全操作被执行,可以使得我们写出更加安全的代码。

即使不写 perl 代码,使用其他语言写程序时也可有所启发。

参考文献

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