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【语法二】长难句入门

July 20, 2019 • Read: 221 • 英语学习

一、句子的基本结构

英语句子

  1. 简单句
  2. 并列句/and/but/or/not (only)...but(also)/either...or..
  3. 复合句/三大从句

句子三原则

  1. 句子结束标志:“,” “!” “?” “...
  2. 句子最基本的单位:主谓
  3. 一个简单句只有一套主谓结构

二、长难句分析步骤

第一步:找标点
第二步:找主谓
第三步:找连接词,划分句子
第四步:根据链接词和句意(从句在整个句子里充当的成分)确定句子间关系

三、练习

判断以下句子是那种结构,并分析其成分:

  1. They () financed () him () .
  2. Terrorism, economic uncertainties and general feelings () of insecurity () have increased () people’s anxiety () .
  3. Roboter Willumstad () left () Citigroup () in 2005 () with ambitions to be a CEO () .
  4. Predictably, and regrettably () , Quebec () refused () to join () .
  5. During the decade () before the economic crisis (时间状语) , spending () on legal services () in America () grew () twice as fast as inflation () .
  6. Hurry up (祈:谓) , or () you () will be () late for school () .
  7. Naturally, he () will try () to borrow money () at a low rate of interest () , but () loans () of this kind () are () not frequently obtainable.
  8. The early () climbers () were looking () for the easiest way () to the top () , because (原因状从) the summit () was () the prize () (that) (定从) they () sought () , especially if (条件状从) it () had never been attained () before (时间状语) .
  9. An electric razor () that (定从,主) meets () the European Union’s safety standards must be approved () by American testers ( ) before (时间状从) it () can be sold () in the United States, and () an American-made dialysis machine () need () the EU’s okay () before (时间状从) it hits the market in Europe.

注:被动,主谓宾

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